Town Profile


One of the three towns in Nassau County, Hempstead occupies the southwest part of the county. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, it has a total area of 191.3 square miles (495.5 km2). 120.0 square miles (310.7 km2) of it is land and 71.4 square miles (184.8 km2) of it (37.3%) is water.

There are 22 incorporated villages completely or partially in the town. With a combined population of 759,757 at the 2010 Census, Hempstead is by far the largest town in New York. In fact, if it were to be incorporated as a city it would be the second largest in New York behind only New York City, and the 16th largest in the country.


  • Construction (17%)
  • Retail trade (12%)
  • Accommodation and food services (10%)
  • Administrative support and waste management services (10%)
  • Manufacturing (10%)
  • Transportation and warehousing (7%)
  • Health care and social assistance (6%)


As of the 2010 Census, there were 759,757 people, 246,828 households, and 193,513 families living in the town. The racial makeup was 59.9% White, 16.5% Black, 17.4% Hispanic, 5.2% Asian, 0.3% Native American, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 4.5% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races.

There were 246,828 households out of which 36.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.2% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.6% were non-families. 18.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.02 and the average family size was 3.41.

The population was spread out with 25.4% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 29.2% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 92.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.2 males.